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"What is the best way to handle 4k upscaling of footage that has been previously upscaled?"

When upscaling footage, the effectiveness depends on the quality of the original footage and the capabilities of the upscaling algorithm, not just the processing power of the TV or software.

High-quality footage will result in better upscaling, and more expensive TVs generally have more sophisticated upscaling technology.

The viewing distance is a crucial factor to consider when evaluating 4K upscaling, as a larger screen size and closer viewing distance will reveal more imperfections in the upscaled footage.

The source of the upscaled footage also affects the quality, with upscaled footage from a high-quality original source (like 1080p) yielding better results than upscaled footage from a low-quality original source (like 360p).

4K upscaling algorithms use various interpolation methods, including nearest-neighbor interpolation, to estimate missing pixels and fill in gaps.

Upscaling by a factor of x4, like from 360p to 4K, is often unrealistic and may not yield decent results, while upscaling by a factor of x2 or x3 can deliver better results.

Topaz AI, a popular upscaling software, has limitations and cannot perform miracles, especially with low-quality material.

When inserting lower-resolution footage into a 4K timeline, the "Super Scale" feature in video editing software can upscale the footage by a factor of 2x, 3x, or 4x, depending on the original resolution.

Comparing 4K upscaling vs native 4K content is crucial when aiming for optimal image quality, as native 4K content has a higher initial pixel count.

Movies shot on film can be easily upgraded to native resolutions due to their higher initial pixel count, making them more suitable for upscaling.

A 4K TV has 3840 horizontal pixels and 2160 vertical pixels, while a 1080p TV has 1920 horizontal pixels and 1080 vertical pixels.

The "Scale" setting in Premiere Pro, a popular video editing software, is not recommended for upscaling, as it doesn't produce optimal results.

After Effects, another popular video editing software, has a built-in "Detail-Preserving Upscale" tool that can produce better results than other upscaling methods.

Video upscaling involves enlarging lower-resolution video content to fit on higher definition TV screens, and requires a deep understanding of video resolution and aspect ratio.

When upscaling footage, it's essential to balance the benefits of upscaling (e.g., improved image quality) against the potential drawbacks (e.g., artifacts, loss of detail), especially when working with low-quality original footage.

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